Archive for the ‘Yemen’s news’ Category
هذا ما استقرت عليه نفسي ” لايوجد نصر بلا معركه و لا توجد معركه اذا لم نخضها.. لننتصر اذن”
في صراعي الداخلي احتاج لحوار صوته خافت و منطقه قوي يعيد ترتيب اولياتي الثوريه و السياسية و يبعث الأمل في ان الاستمرار في صناعة الحل ممكن في واقع من الخيبات التي تردينا صرعى و نحن بكامل اناقتنا بعد حلم كبير اسمه “الثورة”
كل شيء سار في طريق لا يشبه الطريق الذي اردته له ..لا يشبه صرختي الاولى ضد الظلم لا يشبه حلمي في مظله من العداله ووطن يحتضن الجميع و يلامس الانسان في مواطنيه
صدق محمود درويش حين قال :
جاءت لحظات فضلت فيها الانسحاب من لعبة قاعدتها الغش لا انت تفوز و لا انت تستمتع بمراحلها المختلفه و جاءت لحظات اخرى يقوى فيها الايمان بالصوت الذي نملكه و نحياه و انه لابد لصداه يوما و ان طال ان يترك الاثر
تابعت عن كثب كالجميع الى اين يمضون باليمن و بنا جميعا و رغم اننا جميعا في نفس السفينه الغارقه كان الفارق الوحيد انهم سيتأكدون من غرقها لانهم يمتلكون قوارب نجاه بينما نحن من حمل الصيحات الاولى لبعث الحياه في بلد حرمت كثيرا من الحياه لا خيار اخر لنا سوا السباحه حتى تنهك قوانا
أخبرونا أن الحل سيولد في مؤتمر الحوار الوطني .. الحدث الذي يبتظره الجميع بين متلهف لمكسب ما و شامت يتطلع لاقتناص كل الاخطاء و اثباط الامل.. و متشائم اكتفى من زور كل الوعود على شفاه الساسة و طامح بسيط ان على الجميع تحمل المسؤوليه و لا ضير في السير الى الحل و المحاوله
هناك سباق مؤلم غير معلن و تنافس يخلو من الشرف في معظمه للاسف و مواقف متخبطة تعود الى عدم النضج الثوري كما احب تسميته او قد تعود الى تسارع الاحداث التي قد لا تدع مجالا لدراسه الموقف و التقرير بشأنه بشكل موضوعي او هادف..
يحدث ان يعلنون مقاطعتهم للمبادره الخليجيه ثم يلعنونك انك لم تخرج لتعطي صوتك للمرشح الوحيد في المسرحيه الاكبر.. يحدث ان يعلنون غضبهم من كل لجنه شكلت باسم الشباب و كل عضو تم اختياره و يهاتفونه في الليل سعيا لكسب مباركته او تجميلا لاسمائهم حين يخلو مقعدا في الغد في ذات اللجنه التي لعنوا بالامس.
يحدث ايضا انهم ينقادون لخيارات خصومهم قبل ان يدركوا ما يحدث او ان ينسحبوا بهشاشه من حلبة الصراع عند اول ضربه تاركين للخصم فرصه ذهبيه للتربع على عرش الملعب
الخطيئه الثوريه الاولى التي لم نستطع تجاوزها هي ذاتها من يستقبلنا في كل خطوة نقدم عليها او فعل .. الشك هو خطيئتنا الذي فتت روابط الثقه و هو ما يطلق علانيه حين نتحدث تحديدا عن التمثيل
اربعون مقعدا فقط هو نصيب الشباب المستقل في مؤتمر الحوار الوطني من اصل 565 مقعدا. لا تكفي!
حقيقة لا يعنيني العدد بقدر ما يعنيني قوة صوتهم و وضوح رؤيتهم في المؤتمر ففي نهايه المطاف شخصيه قياديه واضحه الرؤيه تقود جموع من الناس اذن فالعدد ليس معضله كبيرة و ان كان مجحفا.
التخوف الذي ينتابني و قد اتحدث هنا بقليل من التعميم انه تخوف المستفلين بشكل عام هو ان يتم ادراج ممثلين من الاحزاب السياسيه ضمن الاربعين مقعد حيث يصعب اثبات انتمائهم الحزبي في ظل عدم وضوح معايير الفصل بين المستفل و غيره.
لذا انا مع اقتراح عضوة الجنه الفنيه للتحضير للحوار الوطني المتستقيله رضيه المتوكل. ان الحل هو تشكيل فرق رقابه شبابيه تعمل بعد اعلان اسماء لجنه الشباب المستقل ال40 و تفحص تاريخهم حتى يثبت عليهم ما يدين و يمنع تمثيلهم.
الصراع الذي واجهته هو ما جدوى ان نشارك في الحوار اذا كنا لا نثق في حقيقه الامر ان الامور ستؤول الى خير او الى ما نصبو اليه.
استشرت من اثق في حكمهم و اشاروا عليا مجمعين بأنه علينا المشاركه
“حيث لا تكون انت يكون خصمك”
قبل ان نستبق الحكم و انا اعلم ان كل ما سبق لا يدعو كثيرا للطمانينه في جديه الحوار و لكن كيف لنا ان نعلم اذا قررنا الانسحاب قبل ان تبدأ الجوله.
علينا جميعا ان نستشعر المسؤوليه الواقعه على عاتقنا و ان نكون حيث يكون لصوتنا صدى لا يجب حقيقة ان نومن بجدوى الحوار الوطني قبل حدوثه علينا فقط ان نؤمن بأنفسنا و بالقيم لتي نحمل فلا صوت اقوى من أصواتنا سيعكسها ..
لكل مؤمن بقدرته على التغيير لنحلم معا كما فعلنا من قبل .. لنتكاتف لصناعه الحلم.. سأتقدم للمؤتمر الحوار و سانتظركم لتتقدموا ايضا و نضع ايدينا معا و نصنع طاوله للحوار تشبهنا.. ان تم قبولي اتطلع لدعمكم كفريق يقف خلفي و بجانبي لنصبح قوة ذات شأن و ان لم يتم سأواصل دعمي لكم طالما نحمل ذات القيم ..
Report of the Secretary-General on Yemen pursuant to Security Council Resolution 2014 (2011) and Resolution 2051 (2012)
1. Yemen has just witnessed a historic milestone on the 23rd of November, marking
one year since the signing of its peace and transition Agreement. Secretary-General
Ban Ki-Moon was there in person to commemorate this achievement, assuring
Yemenis of the United Nations’ full support for their peaceful transition. During the
months preceding, most would have believed such an agreement unimaginable.
Indeed, during this period, I have seen in Yemen a nation in turmoil and a state on
the verge of collapse.
2. I have seen the capital city, Sana’a, divided and under artillery fire, making life for
the civilian population unbearable. I have seen, and been among, the demonstrators
calling for change, as they camped out in tents on the streets and squares of the
capital and other major cities for months. I have been to the North of the country,
where armed conflict has persisted and armed clashes still occur. And I have been in
the South, where the future unity of the country has been put into question. Most
Yemenis during this period lived in darkness, and suffered from shortages in cooking
fuel and a scarcity of basic food supplies. Moreover, we all observed with increasing
alarm how Al Qaeda managed to expand its influence, gaining at one time control
over significant swathes of territory in the South. Conflict and insecurity prevailed,
and there was a real threat that the situation would degenerate into a full-scale civil
3. During this period of protracted stalemate, the Secretary-General took the
initiative to utilize his good offices to help resolve the deadlock, when the GCC
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Initiative remained unimplemented. In the end, after six intensive trips to Yemen, we
managed a way forward, building on Security Council resolution 2014 adopted in
October, which called for a political settlement, and the tremendous efforts of the
GCC. The Transition Agreement (which we named the Implementation Mechanism of
the GCC Initiative) signed in November last year, engaged the former regime and
opposition in a clear process for transition to good democratic governance. This
Agreement went far beyond simply replacing one individual or governing party with
4. Rather than resigning, the President Saleh agreed to transfer his powers to his
deputy, and to make way for early presidential elections. All sides agreed to support
a consensus candidate who commanded the trust and respect of all. A government
of national unity would exercise power during a two-year transition phase, during
which the military and security forces would be restructured under a unified
command, a national dialogue conference would be held, feeding into a constitution making
process to be approved by referendum, and finally a fresh set of elections set
for February 2014.
5. We made sure the following elements were included in the Agreement:
A path for fundamental reforms in the practice of governance and
redress for the wrongs of the past;
Recognition of the role of the youth, and a clear path for their
participation in the transition and the realization of their aspirations;
A focus on political inclusion – giving an opportunity for the people of
Yemen to shape their country’s future and establish a new
And full representation of women throughout the entirety of the
6. Through this framework, the handover of power to a Government of National
Unity has occurred successfully. In February, the second phase of the Transition was
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ushered in when President Hadi was elected with overwhelming numbers, in a poll
that was at the same time a kind of referendum on the November agreement and on
the transition as such.
7. Now, one year in, an air of normality has taken hold in most parts of the country.
I commend President Hadi for his leadership and I also commend the efforts made by
the Government under Prime Minister Basendwa that has allowed the country to
move forward. The fight for control of the cities by rival militaries has ended, with
freedom of movement being restored throughout major urban centres. However, we
cannot shy away from the reality that the road ahead remains long and arduous as
Yemen continues to face grave challenges on multiple fronts.
8. First, there is the difficult issue of military restructuring. The armed forces
remain divided between two sides. One camp, the powerful Republican Guards, led
by the former President’s son, and the other, the 1st Armoured Division, led by
General Ali Mohsen, who broke from the regime during last year’s uprising.
Corruption remains widespread throughout the institution. A system of patronage
favours loyalty to military leaders and not the State. Some top military leaders are
notoriously engaged in business and politics. Army commanders are able to engage
in murky business dealings, smuggling subsidized fuel, and inflating the numbers of
those in service, pocketing the excess income from these ghost positions. President
Hadi has taken initial and courageous steps to address military reform. However, the
formidable task of integrating the military and security forces under one command
will remain a serious challenge during the transition, and will require systemic
9. State authority remained limited in parts of the country. Clashes between the
Houthis and Salafists and tribal groups associated with the Islah party have left
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dozens of people dead in the North. The country remains awash with arms with new
shipments still reportedly coming in.
10. Terrorism remains a serious threat. In June, government forces under President
Hadi’s leadership were able to dislodge Al Qaeda elements from areas that had fallen
under its control. However, this has led AQAP to desert the open field and instead,
disperse and infiltrate major cities. The continuous spate of terrorist attacks against
government targets in Sana’a is evidence of this development, including last week’s
abhorrent killing of a Saudi military attaché.
11. In terms of governance, one year into the transition, it is clear that the
honeymoon period is over. Yemenis now expect the government to deliver – to
provide better security for the nation and basic social services. Coalition
governments are, however, often the product of unhappy relationships, bound
together in unnatural partnerships. In this case, the distrust between the two
principal political blocks constituting the Government of National Unity has never
dissipated and remains entrenched. Disputes over civil service appointments are just
one example of the issues polarizing the two sides: the GPC feels it is being unfairly
targeted for removal while the former opposition – now in the government -
complain of insufficient representation and remain adamant in seeking
appointments for key positions.
12. While both sides signed on to take part in a Government of National Unity, their
war continues through the media. Partisan reporting by media outlets owned by
each side continues to inflame an already acrimonious relationship. Former President
Saleh remains active as the leader of the GPC party – and often acts as the leader of
the opposition, demonizing the Government of National Unity – despite it being halfcomposed
of his own party and allies. What many politicians fail to realize is that the
political landscape is changing, with prospects for shifting alliances. They continue to
view the situation with a perspective locked in the past and in static alliances, rather
than looking ahead to new realignments.
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13. Unrest in the South has its roots in the marginalization and discrimination of
Southerners since unification and their perceived lack of access to resources and
opportunities. Long standing grievances have left many in the South feeling
excluded. Since 2007, Southerners have mobilized to demand equal access to
employment and government services, land reform, and a degree of local autonomy.
This movement known as the Hiraak, began as a rights-based movement demanding
equality under the rule of law. Years of empty promises have deepened resentments
and radicalized some in the movement toward a maximalist agenda for a separate
14. In my outreach to Hiraak leaders in Aden and Cairo, I explained that the
National Dialogue provides an opportunity to address the Southern question through
dialogue and compromise and in accordance with Security Council resolutions. I
urged them to renounce violence and to participate in the process with no preconditions.
I also urged the government to take confidence-building measures to
address the grievances of Southerners – of those who were unjustly dismissed from
the civil service and the military in the aftermath of the 1994 war, and of those
whose land and other properties were confiscated. Concrete progress with regard to
these matters would provide an enabling environment for a constructive start to the
15. Yemen’s humanitarian situation remains in acute crisis. Our humanitarian
colleagues tell us that nearly half the population of Yemen are food insecure – an
alarming number living on the edge of starvation. A quarter of a million children are
severely malnourished and at risk of dying without proper nutrition interventions.
Access to clean water eludes more than half the population, and basic health care
remains an aspiration for nearly a quarter of the population. Struggling to provide
basic services, Yemen is nonetheless one of the most generous refugee hosting
countries with over 230,000 refugees and half a million internally displaced. The
2012 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan which requires $585 billion (US) dollars is
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only 57 per cent funded, leaving a funding gap of more than a quarter of a billion
16. On the economic front, there are modest signs of progress. Inflation is
decreasing and the decline in economic activity has slowed. The exchange rate that
had fluctuated during 2011 has now stabilized, reaching the same levels as before
the crisis. The momentum of Yemen’s transition and recovery must be sustained with
strong support from the international community, and especially its regional
partners. Through meetings in Riyadh and in New York, Yemen’s partners have
confirmed their commitment in over $7.5 billion of pledges to help Yemen with its
economic recovery. Continuous engagement of Yemen’s development partners,
together with the establishment of a new intra-governmental coordinating body to
support implementation of the pledges, will help channel funds effectively so that
Yemenis can start seeing an improvement in their daily lives.
17. The upcoming National Dialogue provides an opportunity for Yemenis to build a
future that meets the aspirations of all. In this regard, the Preparatory Committee
for the National Dialogue, as an all inclusive body, may be the crucible for the new
Yemen. My team and I spent many long days and hours working with the Committee.
It has been a great inspiration to see youth, women, civil society, and representatives
of political parties, representatives from the South and the Houthis participating
constructively within the Committee. Indeed, the diverse composition and
deliberative work of the Committee – often in good spirit resulting from the genuine
commitment of the participants – has helped them reach decisions based on
consensus and compromise.
18. A few days ago, the Committee became deadlocked over the issue of
representation and allocation of seats at the Conference. At their request, I put
forward ideas to help the national dialogue process move forward, while stressing
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that there is no one ideal formula that would satisfy all stakeholders. I am pleased
that, with this last contentious issue resolved, the long hours and efforts of the
Committee are coming to a conclusion. The fruits of their efforts will soon deliver a
final report and other elements finalizing the rules and structure of the Conference.
Fully consistent with UN standards, we have been successful in supporting the
demands of local women’s groups for a representation of at least 30 per cent of
women in the National Dialogue.
19. We have been actively supporting preparations for the national dialogue
through initial funding from the UN peace-building fund. We have now established a
multi-donor trust fund to channel international support for the process in a
coordinated fashion and encourage all donors to contribute, to ensure the timely
launch of an effective national dialogue conference. Our assistance will continue
through the period of the constitution-making process and the holding of elections.
20. I am pleased to report that a new electoral commission has been established by
decree. In order to keep within the transition timeline, it will be critical for the new
commission to focus on creating a new voter registry. The road towards fresh
elections may seem long and difficult.
21. For the country to move forward, a true reckoning of past injustices and steps
to heal old wounds are essential. There is a strong sense amongst Yemenis that the
transition will remain in suspension in the absence of reconciliation efforts, including
restitution or compensation for victims as well as guarantees against recurrence and
an end to impunity. With these aims in mind, we hope that an amended draft Law on
Transitional Justice and National Reconciliation will be adopted by consensus.
22. The transition is threatened by those who have still not understood that change
must now occur. Spoilers of all sorts have not given up. They are keen to impede this
transition and to profit from instability. In the past few days, Yemenis have once
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again been left in darkness with no electricity. Oil and gas pipelines continue to be
attacked, causing the Yemeni treasury to lose hundreds of millions of dollars in
revenue. Many Yemenis expect the Security Council to keep a careful watch on the
spoilers’ actions and to hold them to account.
23. We will continue to work closely with members of the Security Council, the
GCC, the European Union and other international partners, and in particular, the
active diplomatic community in Sana’a, to support Yemen’s transition and to help
keep it on track within the agreed timeline. We count on the continued consensus in
the Security Council that has played a crucial role in supporting a peaceful transition
24. We are all determined to continue supporting a transition that is unique in the
region, and one that is based on a clear roadmap. It is a transition that has the
overwhelming endorsement of the population. It is a transition that offers the
opportunity for meaningful participation of all, men, women and youth. And it is a
transition that offers a genuine perspective towards unlocking the potential that we
all see in Yemen. Yet, while there are tremendous challenges, I am convinced that
Yemen has the potential to be a prosperous country, a country that can become
stable, and a country that is governed according to the genuine will and aspirations
of its population.
25. Change in the region has all too often been borne by sacrifices that should not
have been necessary, and that we cannot ignore. Yemenis have shown us, however,
that the time of the gun as a tool to answer the legitimate aspirations of citizens has
passed, and that a peaceful transformation can emerge from the ashes of conflict. As
the Secretary-General observed during his visit to the country two weeks ago,
Yemeni men and women have armed themselves instead with the principles of
wisdom, mutual respect and peaceful interaction, and have thus avoided the abyss of
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To read this report in Arabic go to this link:
لقراءة التقرير بالعربيه انقر الرابط:
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) reported on Wednesday that recently the fierce fighting, sometimes involving air strikes, has led to a severe deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Abyan governorate, southern Yemen.
which hampered the ability of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to deliver urgently needed assistance.
according to a statement lunched by ICRC the situation people in Abyan are trapped inside, and their needs have not being met yet. “We are extremely concerned about the people trapped inside, and about the dire situation in Ja’ar, Shukra and in nearby areas where fighting is going on,” said Eric Marclay, the head of the ICRC delegation in Yemen. “Our staff were there a few days ago to assess the situation and found serious, urgent needs that, if not met, could lead to the displacement of over 100,000 people. Thousands of people have already fled to safer places.”
Food reserves are running short, prices are soaring and health-care services are inadequate. The area has been without electricity for over a week. As a result, the water supply network, which relies on electrical pumps, has also been disrupted. Fuel is available only sporadically, and only on the black market at inflated prices.
“If we were immediately allowed to bring relief supplies in to Abyan, we could prevent population movements towards Aden,” said Mr Marclay
Yesterday, all roads leading to the governorate were blocked, and movement in and out was restricted. “We are calling on all parties involved in the fighting to grant the ICRC immediate access and security guarantees, so that it can deliver much-needed assistance and prevent an acute humanitarian crisis,” said Mr Marclay.
In its capacity as a strictly neutral, impartial and independent humanitarian organization, the ICRC has repeatedly reminded those involved in the fighting of their obligation under international humanitarian law to take all feasible precautions to avoid civilian casualties. All parties must distinguish at all times between civilians and combatants. In addition, they must respect and protect medical and humanitarian personnel, and ensure to the fullest extent practicable and with the least delay that the wounded have safe access to medical care.
الان اتصلت لوزير الكهربا صالح سميع هذا الحوار الي دار بيننا. لحظه من الصمت,,
أنا/ الو ..
الو صوت رزين رد: نعم
انا : معي الاستاذ صالح سميع الصوت؟
: نعم احسبني هو
انا: كيف حالك؟ معاك مواطنه يمنيه اتصلت للاسف عشان افهم ليش ماعندنا كهربا رغم انو كان معانا كهربا في اليومين الي فاتت لما راح الشعب ينتخب
سميع: “بصوت عالي فاقد للامل” تعالي يابنتي شوفي في بيتي مافيش معي كهربا.. ايش افعل؟؟
أنا: انا مقدره انو كلنا مافيش معانا كهربا سؤالي هو ليش مافي معانا كهربا رغم انها كانت موجوده في اليومين الي فاتت حتى اننا فكرنا نفسنا في امريكا
سميع:”بلهجه اكثر تشجنا” طيب انا ايش افعل المخربين قطعوها.. قد اقولك تعالي انا و انتي ونحارب المخربين الي فجروها..
أنا: طيب انا كلامي واضح ليش ما فجروها في وقت الانتخاب… او كيف قدرتو تحموها في يوم الانتخااااب؟؟
سميع :”بعد ان فقد صبره تماما” اقولك ايش عاد اعمل .. الله يلعن ابوها وظيفه.. انا:الو الو… انقطع الصوت خمس ثواني و انقطعت المكالمه..
خلفيه للقارئ لان هذا البوست مش مكتوب بمعايير الخبريه: الكهربا تنقطع لمده تزيد على 18 ساعه يوميا منذ ابريل الماضي كل التفسيرات المقدمه للشعب على انعدام الخدمات الاساسيه اهمها الكهرباء كانت اتهامات متبادله من طرفي الصراع على السلطه. الحكومه و احزاب المعارضه التي اصبحت اليوم شريك اساسي في السلطه بعد توقيه اتفاقيه نقل السلطه في العاصمه الرياض نهايه نوفمبر الماضي… الحكومه اتسمرت في اتهام القبائل في تفجير و تخريب ابراج الكهربا بينما الملحوظ هو توافر الكهربا في المناسبات المهمه التي تعني الحكومه و هو تماما ما حدث في يوم الانتخابات المبكرة الثلاثاء الماضي و اليوم الذي سبقه… حيث ان وسائلالاعلام العالميع توافدت لتغطيه الخبر ووجود مراقبي دوليين ساعد ايضا بتوفر الكهربا.. الغريب و المحزن في نفس الوقت هو ان الكهربا تتوافر حين يحضر المسؤول الامممي جمال بن عمر.. حتى اصبح الشعب يتمنى لو ان بن عمر يقيم في اليمن… جميل هذا التقدير الذي تكنه حكومه اليمن بسلطتها و معارضتها لشخص بن عمر.. حيث ان 25 مليون يمني لا يعنون للحكومه ما يعنيه بن عمر و المراقبي الدوليين…
The campaign, which started on Tuesday, February 7, will last until February 20.
The election is not understood to be democracy in action, but rather a move to shift ruling power away from outgoing President Ali Abdullah Saleh.
On January 21, Yemen’s parliament closed the door to any other possible candidates with its announcement that Hadi would be the election’s only candidate. Hadi became a consensus candidate of all political parties in Yemen as the GCC power transition plan stated.
“This election will give another impression on democracy in Yemen, we could hardly educate people about democracy, by applying a one- candidate election we will damage what we have achieved already, we are in a high illiterate country and this is how people will receive democracy from now on,” said Mohammed Al-Masawa, head of Rushed, NGO to raise awareness on democracy.
After the plan was signed on November 23, few people questioned the clearly undemocratic practices that the deal carried with it, while some parts have already been implemented, including the proffering of immunity to Saleh and members of his regime.
But as the election date nears, debates have arisen among people on social media sites and on Yemen’s streets about whether they would in fact vote.
The Supreme Election and Referendum Committee has been offering training and has worked to raise political awareness in order to get the public involved in the upcoming elections.
On January 21, the UN signed a deal to grant the committee $15 Million – $5 million of which for the February election, and $10 million for the referendum which will follow the result of the National Dialogue that will come up with the draft of new constitution.
According to the committee, the election has so far cost more than $48 million. $40 million has come from the national public budget, with the remaining $8 from foreign sources.
“Increased financial support from the international community led to the fund going up from $5 million to $8 million so far. Germany has donated $950,000, and Japan has given $1 million,” said Dr. Abdawahab Al-Qadasi, head of international relations for the committee.
The United Nations Development Program (UNDP alone has contributed $1 million.
“The international community’s response to Yemen’s electoral constituency has been remarkable. In just 45 days, the financial needs of the presidential elections, which amounted to around $8 million, were covered.
Japan, Germany, Denmark, the United Kingdom and the United Nations Peace-Building Fund quickly added to initial contributions made by the European Union and UNDP. This support has helped to cover the costs of technical assistance and equipment, electoral kits, election staff training, and media campaigns,” reads a UNPBF press release.
Gustavo Gonzalez, the UNDP’s Senior Country Director for Yemen, described these contributions as “timely” and said, “It allows us to fill the financial gap of the presidential elections.”
“This contribution supports critical training activities and reinforces the awareness campaign,” he added.
Dr. Al-Qadasi told the Yemen Times that this year, there are more ballot boxes than ever.
“We have 29,642 ballot boxes – unlike in the 2006 election, when there were only 28,742,” said Al-Qadasi. “There are even 186 new monitoring committees for internally displaced persons in Sa’ada and Abyan.”
He explained that this year, the international community has urged women to participate.
“50 percent of the monitoring committees will encourage women to participate,” said Al-Qadasi.
Al-Qadasi said that the international community has a coordination committee named the International Support Coordination Group which will attempt to boost participation in Yemen’s elections.
Meanwhile, some Yemenis feel irritated about so much money being put towards a one-candidate election at a time when widespread poverty has sharply risen.
“They should have used that money to fix the electricity instead of wasting it this way” said Nadia Mohammed, a citizen of Sana’a.
“We share the aspiration of Yemeni citizens who seek a more stable and prosperous Yemen and a government that provides all the services citizens rightly expect. The next two years of transition will be vital in achieving this, and we stand ready to support in every way possible this process,” read a joint statement by the European Union and ambassadors from the permanent five nations in the Gulf Cooperation Council.
At present the number of these unofficial jails – or any detailed information on their locations – is not known. However, the ministry will begin work on the jails they already have information about. Both the Interior Ministry and the Justice Ministry will work to close down the illegal jails.
“I saw villagers in Tihama being jailed in a cow shed, held by the chains used for cows,” said Hussein Ali, who was present people were tortured in a private jail. “Around 20 people were treated like animals in that place, which is owned by the most well-known Tihama sheikh.”
Ali added that the owner of that jail is also a member of parliament.
In 2010, the Ministry of Human Rights forced the cabinet to launch a decree to prevent any new private jails from opening, while punishing those who owned existing jails. However, to date, the decree has not been implemented.
Work on shutting down Yemen’s private jails has been ongoing since 1991. At that time there were private jails in each ministry building to detain those who had disobeyed orders. These jails were successfully closed but represented just one part of a huge problem.
“The culture of private jails has always been a problem; before and after unification in 1990,” said Ali Saleh Taisser, deputy of Human Rights. “But the problem is getting bigger as tribal figures are still powerful and some of them are now in parliament, which gives them more power.”
Human rights activist Majid Al-Madhaji, previously with the Legal Protection for Violence Victims program, which has now ended, said that neither Yemen’s private or public jails meet international standards as good rehabilitation institutions.
“Public jails in Yemen still participating in illegal practices, such as jailing people without arrest warrens and keeping them for more than six months. If this is the reality of public jails, you can imagine what private prisons are like,” Al-Madhaji explained.
Al-Madhaji visited some of these private jails in Hajjah. Most are in narrow houses, which have been abandoned by their residents, he said.
“Most of the private jails are old houses that are no longer livable, with no lighting or good ventilation.”
After 2011’s events the interim government is seeking to address human rights violations as a priority.
Although Ali Abdullah Saleh’s regime was toppled, Al-Madhaji said that Yemen’s tribal system also needed to be tackled if the interim government wants to create a civil state.
“Many of those who own private jails joined the youth revolution in a way to protect their positions in the new state,” he explained.
However, Taisser said that having Saleh out of power would ease the process, claiming that Saleh’s regime had a hand behind allowing the tribal sheikhs to open and run private jails.
The cabinet’s 2010 decree would be difficult to implement now, he added.
“After the amnesty law was approved last month for Saleh and his regime, the door for the jail owners to escape from criminal liability is open, we will focus our effort now on just closing down the jails,” said Taisser.
Sheikh Abdullah Bin House Al-Ahmer’s family owns many private jails that were owned by Sheikh Abdullah before his death.
“Although he was the head of the legislative authority, he has these jails; he even used to send some of his prisoners to the Central Security jails when his own jails were full, then when there was a free place he would get them back from the Central Security prison and move them to his own jail – like a deposit,” said Taisser.
Even now that Al-Ahmer is dead, his sons continue these practices. On the Friday of Dignity when 25 protesters were shot by snipers in Sana’a’s Change Square, Al-Ahmer family detained suspected snipers in their private jails.
Inside Change Squares, human rights activists have reported the Islah party detaining many independent youths at its private jails.
Taisser said that these jails can be found in every district and village of Yemen, adding that the tribal system is replacing the rule of law, delegating to a tribal sheikh all the authorities to judge, prosecute and punish people. Sometimes they skip the judicial system completely and jump straight to punishment.
The area is not yet clear of explosives, it warned, though some roads – including the main road to Zunjubar – and a number of residential neighborhoods are now safe.
“Seven displaced children were injured in Al-Qadisea school in Aden a few days ago, the children were playing with an explosive object,” said Qaid Saleh, director of the (YEMAC) Aden branch. He added that the vast majority of explosive objects reported and retrieved were locally made and thus more dangerous.
Since May, around 100,000 people fled from Abyan to Aden and Lahj due to the violent clashes between the state, militant groups, and Islamic militias who took over different districts in Abyan governorate. Those Internally Displaced People (IDPs) have been placed with host communities as well as public schools and other premises in Aden and Lahj. According to YEMAC, some have brought armory and explosive materials into the host communities.
In response, YEMAC has devised a comprehensive plan to undertake a massive public education and awareness campaign in response to the community needs in partnership with civil society and humanitarian partners.
Gustavo Gonzalez, UNDP/Yemen senior country director, told the Yemen Times that they are supporting YEMAC’s efforts in the campaign, stating that the UNDP is supporting the establishment of a network for Mine Risk Education compromising of local NGOs and international humanitarian partners under the leadership of YEMNAC. This network aims at targeting 200,000 people affected by conflict to help them become aware of the dangers and mitigating the risks in dealing with mines and unexploded ordinance.
A new level of threat
According to Saleh of YEMAC, the militant groups implant mines and explosive devices randomly and in unpredictable locations. He stated that if the mines were implanted in a more strategic pattern, mine clearance and disposal would be an easier job. “The danger is high now that some IDPs have returned to Abyan, as they are actually in areas that mines were implanted in,” he added.
Evidently, some of the IDPs in Aden who have been repatriated to Abyan are now at risk of losing their lives due to the random blasts and mines, hazardous and unexploded ordinances.
The YEMAC does not have clear maps on the risk areas with mines or that have witnessed conflict. These areas are also considered unsafe due to the continued presence of militant groups’ and the likelihood of a relapse into conflict.
Clearing risks, rebuilding lives
Saleh further indicated that the clearance of the road between Aden and Abyan included significant risks for the clearance teams, but it was a priority given that this road is like a life vain for the communities across the governorates of Aden and Abyan. He added that before the road was cleared, many displaced people who tried to get from Zunjubar to Aden or vice versa were at risk of losing their lives due to the random fights in the alternative road – which includes an eight-hour drive across conflict areas in Abyan and Lahj.
Abdullah Sarhan, a member of the clearance team at YEMAC, Aden, told the Yemen Times that working on clearing Abayn’s road is like “being in the middle of a battle”.
“One of our colleagues was killed and another six were injured,” said Sarhan, “this is how we work.” The team consists of seven groups that work in coordination with a military force ensuring that the road is safe and not targeted during the clearance operation. Once the explosive remnants are collected they are disposed of them by professional means.
Despite the risks and costs, the YEMAC teams seem persistent in continuing their work in the governorate. The clearance also helped the delivery of humanitarian aid and foodstuffs into the governorate, particularly through local residents and informal social welfare networks.
Gonzalez has praised the work of YEMAC, stating that Yemen is one of the few countries in the world having a strong and reliable national Institution [YEMAC] dealing with mine-related activities.
SANA’A, Jan. 28 – President Ali Abdullah Saleh finally arrived in the US for short-term private medical treatment on Saturday night, according to the Republic of Yemen Foreign Press Office. Saleh, along with a number of family members, left to Oman last Sunday, on route to the United States. Meanwhile, preparations were ongoing for the coming one-man election, which will see Vice President Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi officially sworn in as president for the coming two years. Saleh’s absence will easy the election process according to political analysts. Hugues Mingarelli, Deputy Director-General for External Relations at the European Union, said that in order to complete preparations for the coming presidential elections the Yemeni government would establish a “communication committee” to liaise with those groups left out of the power transition deal signed in November. “We are focusing on the next election, the most important thing now is that the election is held on time and for this election to succeed, all the segments in Yemen have to be included, all Yemenis, not only the Joint Meeting Party and the General People’s Congress,” said Mingarelli. The Southern movement, the Houthis and Youth movements were not included in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) agreement, despite being considered as powerful players in Yemen’s political sphere. He also stressed the importance of a united Yemen. Mingarelli pointed out the important role the media has to play in the run up to elections by highlighting the efforts made to make it happen and also by encouraging Yemeni people to vote for Hadi and give him the “acceptable legitimacy” that will ease his work in the transitional period. The Gulf agreement stated that a new draft constitution should be written by the end of the two year transitional period. Mingarelli said that in order to write the new constitution, a national dialogue should be established to pave the way for truly democratic, free and impartial elections after those two years. While he added that would be obstacles, he said that the first step was to elect Hadi on February 21. Commenting on the widely condemned immunity law, granting Saleh freedom from prosecution, Mingarelli said it was necessary and the price to pay in order to reach real democracy later. In accordance with the GCC agreement, a military committee was formed in December, tasked with unifying the armed forces, removing tanks and sandbags from the streets and returning soldiers to their camps. While this was successful in some areas, parts of Yemen’s major cities that saw the most fighting, such as Hasaba in Sana’a, have seen little change. Mingarelli stressed the need for security reforms in order to stabilize the country, adding that economic issues also needed to be resolved. He also said that if Saleh’s relatives create any obstacles to next month’s elections, that it would be necessary to remove them from positions of power. Moreover, Mingarelli commented on the worker strikes, or “institutional revolution” against corruption in institutions, saying that it is a positive move. “It is not a surprise that the workers are striking; working conditions are difficult and salaries are low so going on strike is not a crime,” he said. However, he pointed out that Yemen was already the poorest country in the Arab region before last year’s political crisis so people should not expect change overnight.
نص الكلمة :
إن المستفيد من القانون الذي صدر بموجب المبادرة الخليجية المشكورين عليها،هم كل من عمل مع الرئيس خلال فترة الـ 33 عاما سواء في مؤسسات الدولة المدنية أو العسكرية أو الأمنية وان حدثت أخطأ ، فهي أخطاء غير مقصودة، لأن الرئيس عنده حصانة من شعبه، الذي أفنى حياته خدمة لهذا الوطن لا طمعا في جاه ولا في كرسي ولا في مال ولكن خدمة لهذا الوطن في مجال التنمية وبناء اليمن الجديد ، بناء يمن سبتمبر وأكتوبر والـ 22 مايو وهذا ما كنت اطمح إليه أن أقدم نفسي لهذا الوطن وأن أقدم خدمة لهذا الوطن، جاءت هذه الخدمة في مجال التنمية والبنية التحتية وفي مجال استخراج النفط والغاز والمعادن وعلى رأسها أهم أنجاز في حياة علي عبدالله صالح،وهو إعادة وحدة اليمن في الـ 22 من مايو 1990م الذي اعتبره تاج على رأس كل اليمنيين، والذي قبل تحقيق هذا الانجاز التاريخي اليمني كانت هناك فرقة امتدت أكثر من 135 سنة من التشطير ، وكان ظلم الإمامة في الشمال وظلم الاستعمار في جنوب الوطن في حين كانت الأسرة اليمنية مرتبطة ببعضها البعض.
مساكين الشباب 11 شهر في الاعتصامات، وفي شباب أرجعوا إلى مساكنكم، عودوا إلى بيوتكم، عودوا إلى أسركم أنا أشفق عليكم وأدعوكم بالعودة إلى مساكنكم وتبدءوا صفحة جديدة مع القيادة الجديدة، وأدعو قيادات المؤتمر الشعبي العام وأعضائه وأنصاره وأحزاب التحالف الوطني الديمقراطي إلى الوقوف وقفة جادة أمام الانتخابات الرئاسية القادمة في 21 فبراير وأن يبذلوا كل جهودهم.
لأنه ليس انجاز لعبد ربه منصور وإنما إنجاز لكل اليمنيين.. إنجاز لكم يا مؤتمريون يا من حققتم هذا الانتصار الديمقراطي، وأني أدعوكم إلى التوجه إلى صناديق الاقتراع دون تباطؤ لانتخاب مرشحكم الذي هو مرشح الوفاق وفي ذات الوقت مرشحكم كمؤتمريين.
لقد جربنا ثمار التنسيق مع بقية الأحزاب في الانتخابات السابقة ورغم وعودهم بانتخاب مرشح المؤتمر الشعبي العام والوقوف إلى جانبه كشفت لنا صناديق الاقتراع الفارغة حقيقة نواياهم وأنا أعول عليكم أيها المؤتمريين بأن تكون صنادقيكم مملؤه بكروت الاقتراع أنتم واحزاب التحالف الوطني الديمقراطي .
المسؤولية الآن موكلة إلى الأخ عبدربه منصور هادي.. وأعلن من هنا احتراما وتقديرا لمواقفه وجهوده الوطنية ترقيته إلى رتبه المشير.
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