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Waiting for Saleh’s help: Three years in a tent

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Ten meters from a gas station in Haddah Street, central Sana’a, a man has been camping in a tent with his four children since April 2008.

Naji Mohammed Al-Qulaifi is seeking justice from the state; he chose his new home of the last three years because the gas station is close to one of the homes of president Ali Abdullah Saleh.

“My cause began before any revolution,” said Al-Qulaifi from his camp at the gas station. He believes that if Saleh had responded to his cause, the protests demanding that the president step down would not have happened.

Many camp in tents these days seeking rights and justice, but al-Qulaifi has a different cause, he did not join the people in their anti-government sit-ins, and he claims he began the idea of camping to gain his rights.

In Yemen you might hear people complain that the president has full authority over in every element in the country – even people’s daily lives. But although he might give orders to hire someone, return land or settle a dispute, his orders are often ignored by officials – as Al-Qulaifi’s story proves.

Saleh’s orders ignored

He told the Yemen Times that he had twice received orders from the president to turn around the injustices he and his family have faced – but each time the order came to nothing.

From his tent covered in appeals and objections, just 10 meters from a queue of 15 cars at the petrol station, Al-Qulaifi told the Yemen Times his story.

“I pray to God and cry every night to find justice,” said Al-Qulaifi. “I have ‘lost’ two daughters and sons and above all my wife since this all started”.

Al-Qulaifi’s story began after a car accident in 2001 while working as the director of roads and constrictions in Otma district. While injured, members of the local council of Otma took advantage of his absence to build illegal buildings. Two months later when Al-Qulaifi returned to work and found out, he complained to the local council. But following his complaint, the local council suspended him temporarily in 2002 and permanently in 2003.

According to Al-Qulaifi, the local council tricked him into going to the local jail to receive some papers to resume work, but when he arrived he was arrested. “When I entered the jail they closed the doors. I asked why and they said ‘you are under arrest’,” said Al-Qulaifi. He spent three months in jail without a warrant. On the second morning after his arrest, security forces broke into his house.

“When I got out of jail I found out that security forces were occupying my yard and had built a compound.”

After his release, Al-Qulaifi raised the cause with Rashad Al-Alimi, the interior minister at the time. Eventually Al-Alimi decided that Al-Qulaifi could have 10 meters of his own 30 meter yard returned to him, with 20 meters remaining as a security compound.

“My wife died of a heart attack after the security forces broke into my house, with no respect for the women inside.” His sons then decided to smuggle two of his older daughters to their tribe, fearing their reputations after security occupied his yard. They left him with the four younger children, aged between four and seven, to deter him from using violence to get revenge.

And Al-Qulaifi did succeed in raising attention for his cause; twice the president stopped as he passed by on his way home during Ramadan last year. He gave him a signed order to resolve the situation but it was not implemented.

In a bid to put an end to his protest, Al-Qulaifi was again was taken to jail – with his four children – at the beginning of this year, where they were kept for a week.

“Many police cars came took him by force when took him,” said Mohammed Al-Jabry, the workshop owner at the petrol station. “At first he was resisting with his Jumbya but they managed to take it from him.”

However, Al-Qulaifi has vowed to stay where he is until his cause is solved either by a new government or by president Saleh. He still receives his salary of 40,000 YR but wants his house and job back, and compensation.

Formal system is ‘ineffective’

A report by the The Hague Institute for Internationalization of Law last year found that many of Al-Qulaifi’s concerns reflect the most important legal issues for Yemenis. However, it added that the formal system is seen as costly, overloaded, corrupt, inaccessible and ineffective. “This is why most Yemenis give up on claiming their rights through the official channels and resort to other means whether through mediation or arbitration or using any form of protest,” it said.

And while Al-Qulaifi’s might be extreme, it is yet another example of the corruption and lack of a rule of law, endemic in Yemen.

Last year Yemen ranked 146 out of 178 countries in the world corruption index, compiled each year by Transparency International. On a scale of 1-10, with 10 being the most transparent, Yemen scored 2.2. This was a fall of eight places since 2009 when Yemen ranked 156 – and it remains to be seen how nine months of unrest has affected the situation this year.


Written by shatha

October 30, 2011 at 6:39 am

Posted in Violation

Fresh violence follows Saleh and Muhsen truce

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SANAA, Oct.26 — Loud explosions were heard in the capital following Tuesday’s announcement of a truce between the conflicting parties.

According to eyewitnesses, the explosions continued in residential areas including Rubata Street, Hail Street, Al-Zubairi Street and Sofan Street.

“We kept hearing the explosions getting stronger and stronger; we can tell if it is close or far after months of suffering this situation,” said Ahmed Al-Solwi, a resident of Hail Street.

The alleged truce between President Ali Abdullah Saleh’s forces and the defected Major General of the First Armored Division, Ali Mohsen, began at 1500 on Tuesday, according to a statement from the Yemen Embassy in Washington.

“Announcement of a ceasefire in the capital city of Sana’a following weeks of destructive and deadly clashes. The implementation of the truce began today at 1500 hours local time, Sana’a,” it read.

The statement also mentioned that a designated committee would oversee the removal of checkpoints and barricades.

“The accord highlights the importance of protecting the lives of innocent civilians by ending the armed occupation of public and private properties. In order to restore peace in the capital, armed factions are to depart the city,” said the statement.

“Furthermore, law enforcement units will be positioned at public installations and detained individuals will be released. The truce announcement has included a clear timeline for the practical implementation of the demilitarization process.”

However, the ceasefire does not appear to have been implemented; just a few hours later the violence resumed in Hassaba and Sofan.

Asker Zuail, Ali Mohsen’s spokesman, denied the statement. However, a source in the Division, who asked to remain anonymous, told the Yemen Times that there had been a ceasefire but the Division’s allies had not known and continued shelling so the truce ended.

As a result of the lack of transparency, the public lost their trust in any information they get on the military level.

Receiving news of the ceasefire, protesters told the Yemen Times that the truce was a ruse to win time for Saleh forces to prepare for a bigger assault.

“No one knows the truth, the truce could last for two hours or two days, but for sure they will get back to fight soon” said activist Atiaf Al-Wazeer.

Before the “ceasefire” there was heavy shelling on both Tuesday and Wednesday with at least 21 deaths and many more injured in clashes and shelling around the city.

Written by shatha

October 27, 2011 at 11:26 am

Posted in Violation

Harmful substance sprayed at protesters

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Ali Saeed and Shatha Al-HaraziPublished:27-10-2011

SANA’A, Oct 26 — Yemen’s security forces used an unknown substance, mixed with water, to disperse protesters in  Sana’a on Tuesday morning. The protesters were attempting to cross the red lines off Change Square and in front of Sana’a University, according to eyewitnesses.

“When the march reached the fish market (southeast of Change Square), government security forces used water cannons to spray protesters with a strange water, which led to some protesters being admitted to the field hospital with serious burns on their faces and backs,” said Waleed Al-Amari, a protester who attended the march.

Around 15 people were taken to the field hospital with serious burns, and some are still under treatment, according to Al-Amari. The field hospital – a non-governmental entity – stated on its Facebook page that “three cases involved infection by white phosphorus, while over 200 cases were infected with other different, unknown substances”.

Al-Amari, who has been camping in the square demanding the removal of President Saleh for around nine months, explained that a similar mix of liquids was used against protesters on the 18th and the 19th of September, when security forces fired water cannons filled with sewage, which caused serious wounds among protesters.

However, Abd Al-Rasheed Al-Faqih, a human rights activist who often verifies such claims by protesters and medical workers in the field hospital, told the Yemen Times that “physicians who have political affiliations and work in the field hospital sometimes issue rapid judgments over the sort of substance used, and without checking.

“It is difficult to say accurately what sort substance was used. It might be white phosphorus or water mixed with other materials, or possibly sewage water,” said Al-Faqih. He added that a female doctor at the field hospital told him that some protesters had sustained first- and second-degree burns due to the use of mixed water against protesters.

Yemen’s uprising erupted last February, with demands for an end to Saleh’s 33-year-long regime. Hundreds of peaceful protesters have been shot dead and thousands injured throughout the nine-month-long nationwide protests, according to Amnesty International.

Around 152 protesters were killed between September 18 and October 25, according to the field hospital. Four of them were children.

Written by shatha

October 27, 2011 at 10:31 am

Posted in Violation

Civil war means rape in the mind of Yemeni women

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“I would rather she died than be rapped,” said Um Ahmed Alam angrily. Alam, a woman in her fifties, has different expectations for the future than the anti or pro-regime protesters trying to draw up a future full of rights and freedoms. She fears the chaos the country will suffer if the conflicting parties cannot reach an agreement and civil war breaks out in Yemen.

Her fear of sexual harassments is bigger than her fear of losing any of her four daughters. “Death is death, we all will die eventually, but the shame of rape is what we cannot handle,” she said sadly.

Unfortunately, this is a common worry among Yemenis and Alam is not alone in thinking this way; fear that sexual harassment and rape could become a big problem if the state loses control and war breaks out is a growing concern for Yemeni men and women alike.

Mothers have begun to exchange advice on how to protect their daughters from rape if the country slips into civil war.

“I would kill my daughter with my bare hands if this happened,” said Alam’s husband, even though he acknowledged that the girl would be the victim in this situation.

“At the very least we make sure she [the daughter] is covered from top to toe when she sleeps, since the shelling usually starts at night,” said Alam.

Nuha Saleem, 23, is a resident of Hail area. She told the Yemen Times that her mother wakes up at night when she hears explosions, walks three floors up to wake her daughter and make her cover her body to protect her from rape.

Be prepared and cover up

Zainab Al-Ahdel, 23, lives in the Al-Hassaba neighborhood, where the warfare between the Hashid tribal confederation and the regime forces has been fierce. She described her own – and her mother’s – fears and thoughts when the area was shelled.

Al-Ahdel said that she was in her pajamas; a pair trouser and T-shirt, lighting a candle because the power was off, when the sounds of the explosions became stronger, closer and more frightening. “I felt the house shaking,” she said. Then her mother began shouting at her to wear her abayya [a traditional black dress that Yemeni women wear while out to cover their bodies].

“During the shelling we were scared, we could become victims of the random shelling and then become one of the daily deaths,” said Al-Ahdel. “When our fear reached its maximum, my mother began shouting at us to dress in our abayya – that was not at all logical for us.”

In Sana’a where all women – and occasionally even young girls wear an abayya and scarf to cover their face and body – families fear their community’s reaction if the shelling forced their daughters to escape without being able to cover themselves appropriately.

“I believe my mother wants us to make it a priority to cover our bodies the whole time in case we need to escape. But by saying so she makes me feel as though I have no values in life other than those society gave us,” said Reem Ali, a 25 years old girl from Hail Street.

She lives in an area where the regime forces have been fighting the defected First Armored Division. Hail Street it is also at the entrance to Change Square, where the anti-government protests and continued fighting have been taking place.

Society not ready to forgive

For the same reason some girls even do not go to the bathroom during shelling; when girls chat these days they show off how they managed to prevent themselves from responding to the call of nature.

In a heroic way Samah Ahmed bragged to friends how she managed not to use the bathroom for five hours while they shelled in Kentucky Roundabout in mid-September.

“Whenever I panic I need to pee; it is how I am and I cannot help it,” she said. “But during the shelling in our area, even though I was scared I might die, I was more afraid of going to the bathroom in case a blast hit and people saw my body.”

“Society is not ready to forgive females for being victims; families will consider getting rid of their daughters, killing them or hiding them from the society if they are victims of sexual harassment” said Al-Ahdel.

The lowest place

In the violence seen in Sana’a last month, two women were shot in the legs by snipers while walking in Hail Street. Although hundreds of men have also been shot, with some surviving and others dying, Yemeni society was particularly offended by these shootings.

“These thugs reached the lowest place you reach,” an assistant in the field hospital told the Yemen Times. “They sniped women – they did not kill them but shot them in the legs so their bodies would be seen by the men trying to rescue them or the doctors treating them.”

“These thugs have reached the lowest place you can reach,” a female assistant at the field hospital, who did not want to be named, told the Yemen Times. “They sniped women – they did not kill them but shot them in the legs so their bodies would be seen by the men trying to rescue them or the doctors treating them.”

The assistant, a woman aged over 50, cared more about keeping victim’s bodies covered, than the risk to their lives – and unfortunately she symbolizes the mentality of our society.

Written by shatha

October 24, 2011 at 2:28 pm

Clashes follow UN resolution

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SANA’A, Oct. 23 — Following the issuing of a United Nations Security Council resolution, at least twenty soldiers have been reported dead in clashes between the regime forces and the defected First Armored Divison on October 15. The violence occurred in Sana’a’s Sofan, Hasaba and al-Madhbah neighborhoods. Mohsen vowed on March 21 of this year to protect the youth movement that has been protesting to topple president Ali Abdullah Saleh’s 33-year-old regime.

Saleh headed a Defense Council meeting on Sunday in which he was given a green light to continue battling with his opponents in Sana’a’s streets.

Meanwhile, clashes also resumed on Sunday on Hail street, with one man and one woman reported dead after receiving bullet wounds to the head after snipers opened fire. “These people were just passersby, and ended up being sniped by thugs atop roofs “said Saleem Alawo, a lawyer for the National Organization for Defending Rights and Freedoms [HOOD].

Eyewitnesses from Hail Street told the Yemen Times that the clashes between Saleh’s troops and the Division led the public between Zubairi Street and Al-Quba Al-Khadra to panic.

“At 8:10 this morning, I was on the bus. When the bus passed by Al-Zubairy Street, troops from both sides suddenly fired on each other from a distance of less than 50 meters and with civilians, cars and buses in the middle,” said Abdulbasit Al-Shamery.

Ahmeed Al-Zaidi, a protester whose tent sits near where a shell hit, told the Yemen Times that he doesn’t mind dying while protesting and therefore will stay at his tent regardless of the risks to his life.

On Saturday, representatives of Mohsin’s First Armored Division announced that they have in their possession a recording of a phone call between president Saleh and his son in which the latter was urged to shell and destroy the First Armored Division’s headquarters. The headquarters sit north of Change Square, where the ongoing anti-government sit-in is located. Representatives also claimed that Saleh pushed for the shelling of Sana’a’s Hasaba neighborhood.

The Division claimed that Saleh told his son to kill all present in Hasaba. A source at the Presidential Palace declined that the president directed his son to order such violent attacks. The source continued to say that talking about recording a phone call is ridiculous and that the story has been  fabricated by the Division in an effort to drag the country into war.

This anonymous man was snipped in Hail Street on Sunday.

Asker Zuail, a spokesman for General Mohsin, promised to release the recording, in addition to more details on the recent days’ shellings.

Following the violence, anti-government protesters marched on Sunday from Change Square to Al-Rabat Street, even after recent attacks by regime thugs and Central Security forces. On their latest march to the Al-Qa’a area, hundreds of protesters where surrounded by thugs and some were even kidnapped.

“Last week’s kidnapped protesters were eventually set free,” said Saleem Alawo. “Five of the protesters were arrested by Central Security with no charges. Central Security took the five arrested protesters to Al-Olofi police station, and then transferred them to the Central Security again. When one of them managed to escape, they where then taken to a third location, which HOOD has not yet been able to identify.”

The UN Security Council condemned Human Rights violations in Yemen following the previous attacks made against protesters. “Strongly condemning what are called human rights violations by authorities, and abuses by other actors, in Yemen following months of political strife, the Security Council this afternoon demanded that all sides immediately reject violence, and called on them to commit to a peaceful transition of power based on proposals by the major regional organization of the Arabian Gulf,” read a Security Council statement released on Friday.

Written by shatha

October 24, 2011 at 6:58 am

Posted in Violation

Yemen’s online community: fun, business and revolution

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The illiteracy rate in Yemen is over 60%. Even more striking is that almost 99% of people in Yemen are ‘internet illiterate’. Still, tracking the one percent of Yemen’s internet users – a percentage that is sure to grow – can tell you much about general traditions and changes in Yemeni society. Also, the activity of this one percent shows that these users are on the internet for a wide variety of different purposes, many of them unexpected.

Some check the daily news online nowadays rather than wait for the news to appear on television. Newspapers care more about updating their websites than before, and those newspapers that have online editions are the most read newspapers in Yemen, prime examples being the Mareb Press and Al-Masder.

“The first thing I do when I arrive at my office is go to a website that collects news from all news websites. It lays out what was written on each news topic and makes the news policies of the different websites clear, and the editors’ political affiliation clear” said Ahmed Alam.

The new version of the “Cold War”

After the Yemeni revolution started in February, the nature of citizens’ usage changed, with more engaged with social media such as Facebook and Twitter due to such sites’ roles in the Arab Spring. As a result, students, activists and journalists are using social media to mobilize protests, while government supporters and intelligence services are using social media to promote their own views.

“They are launching a Cold War campaign against us [activists] that makes it difficult for the reader to differentiate who is telling the truth,” said activist Waleed Al-Qadasi from Change Square.

Some people are paid by the hour by different parties to promote political ideas online using Facebook groups or Twitter.

“Due to continuous power cuts, the state rents a hole in this hotel [Taj sheba hotel]  for internet users” said a pro-government journalist. Some protesters believe that this service is for those who follow what activists post on social media websites.

Online business

One of the best ways to check Job vacancies is online, as most companies have their own websites to introduce and share their work. Using social media to advertise goods is a cost-efficient alternative.

“Instead of buying a newspaper every day, I go and check a vacancies website, as it offers the best jobs available,” said Alia’a Ahmed, a job seeker.

“My friends have a group on facebook to advertise their homemade goods. They sell it to each other or some users tell others about it. They business is doing well,” said Nuha Jamal.

Getting married online

Yemen is a conservative country, a place where traditions are very important. The majority of people get married in traditional ways. However, the internet offers an easy way for people to find their match.

“My Friend found her partner online. She used to spend a few hours every day participating in different online forums. A guy from Jordan was also on the same forum and became interested  in her after following her posts. That’s how they got to know each other,” said Ahlam Al-Dhibani.

Many young ladies and men enroll in different marriage websites for the fun of it.

“Lots of my friends registered on marriage websites. It’s a good way to find your perfect match…but you don’t necessarily believe in doing it this way,” said Al-Dhibani.

Studying online

Yemeni schools do not teach their students how to best benefit from the internet. While in other countries, students may submit their homework by e-mail, this is not the case in Yemen. Internet usage and access are perceived as something of a luxury and, except for a few private schools, the subject is not taught. If computer-related subjects are taught in schools, it well tend to be theory-based, about the introduction of the computer, or simple Microsoft software lessons.

“I failed twice in computer subjects at university, when in real life I use the internet all the time. I only failed back then because the subjects they taught us were boring and unnecessary,” said Nada Ali, a university student. At Sana’a University, there is a department called “Studying from a distance.”  It is a new department, and since studies at the university were postponed due to recent political unrest, it too remains at a standstill.

In general, students use the internet for basic research. “I used to teach myself by googling whatever I wanted to learn about. When I see how my friends depend more on the school curriculum, I feel sorry for them. They’re studying using old books when they can simply update their knowledge online,” said Rasha Abdullah, a University student.

“I would love to study online, but the internet speed and continuous power cuts make it impossible for me to do so. I guess studying online in Yemen is not an option,” said Salman Ahmed, a business management student.

Yemenis usage of the internet is changing nowadays, different generations use it for the same reasons sometimes, more people are learning on how to benefit from it every day, which indicate that the mentality is also changing, anti-government students demands to stop blocking internet websites in order to have good access to the information, fathers are interested to learn on what is happening on social media networks.

Written by shatha

October 20, 2011 at 1:25 pm

Posted in Yemen's news

Portrait du Major Yahya al-Dheeb

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Tout premier soldat à avoir démissionné des forces armées du président Ali Abdallah Saleh pour rejoindre la révolution, le Major Yahya al-Dheeb, 26 ans, était l’un des gardes personnels de Saleh avant qu’il ne fasse les gros titres pour joindre la révolution, défiant avec courage l’armée et inspirant le courage à ses collègues qui le suivront plus tard contre le régime.

Avant Mars 2011, il risquait sa vie pour protéger le président pour pas plus de 26000 riyals par mois (un peu moins de 100€). « J’étais un garde du corps pour le président et de temps en temps sa famille puisqu’il ne fait confiance à aucun garde suffisamment pour le garder de façon permanente. Il a peur que nous puissions en apprendre trop sur sa vie », déclare Yahya.

Yahya a appris à adopter les moyens pacifiques de la révolution. Bien qu’il soit membre de l’armée, il désobéit aux ordres de faire usage de la violence contre des civils ou les forces armées loyales au président Saleh.

« Je refuse d’avoir une arme depuis que j’ai rejoint la révolution pacifique. Je jure devant Dieu que mes mains ne tiendront jamais une arme contre un yéménite. Je préfèrerais mourir pacifiquement que de tuer un yéménite, même en légitime-défense », explique-t-il.

Yahya a directement souffert d’avoir été le premier soldat à faire défection. Il a reçu des menaces de mort et poursuivi par les voyous de Saleh. Il n’a pas reçu son salaire depuis plusieurs mois. Ses problèmes ont continué, même après que des figures clés du régime de Saleh aient également fait défection et fait vœu de protéger les manifestants.

D’après Yahya, quand l’Etat a arrêté de payer les salaires des soldats défectionnaires en Mars dernier, le Qatar en a pris la responsabilité. Yahya affirme qu’Ali Mohsen, leader des soldats qui ont démissionné, reçoit un soutien financier direct de la part des pays du Golfe qui payent les salaires des soldats.

« Même Mohsen ne me paie pas, bien que nous soyons partis tout comme lui. Quand nous avons appris qu’il voulait que nous soyons armés pour protéger les jeunes, nous avons refusé ses ordres », précise Yahya. (ndlr : plusieurs autres soldats ont eux gardé leurs armes). « Ils m’ont dit que si je voulais mon salaire, je devrais avoir une arme et tuer ceux qui attaqueraient les manifestants. Ils veulent que l’on s’entre-tue, peu importe combien d’entre nous meurent. Peut-être même que Mohsen et Saleh s’appelleront et s’excuseront, mais c’est nous, les yéménites, qui mourons. »

« Nous avons répondu que nous ne ferons pas face aux armes avec des armes, mais que nous ferons face aux tirs avec nos poitrines. »

Yahya encourage tous les manifestants à rester pacifiques, insistant sur le fait qu’avant que l’armée ne démissionne, les jeunes étaient capable de prendre plus de terrain. « Avant le 18 Mars, ils avaient atteint l’hôpital iranien. Le 18, nous avions rejoint la vieille université sans armes ni les forces d’Ali Mohsen », raconte-t-il. « Maintenant, après tous les morts dans ces marches, Ali Mohsen passe des accords avec le régime et rendu le rond-point Kentucky. »

Yahya a le fort sentiment que Mohsen réalise les plans de Saleh sur la Place du Changement, en contrôlant la place au nom de sa protection. « Ali Mohsen sert Ali Saleh, ils ne pensent tous les deux qu’à leurs intérêts, ils ont toujours déçu le peuple yéménite. Pourquoi arrêteraient-ils maintenant ? », détaille Yahya.. « Nous avons réalisé beaucoup de choses dans nos efforts pour faire chuter le régime de Saleh avant qu’Ali Mohsen nous rejoigne, et maintenant, nous n’avançons presque plus. »

Yahya est un honnête homme. Il dit ce qu’il pense, mettant en lumière des problèmes, et n’ayant que faire des conséquences.

« La photo du président Saleh est toujours accrochée au mur dans le bureau d’Ali Mohsen. Ils pensent que les yéménites sont vraiment stupides ! Quand Mohsen a rejoint la révolution, il a dit qu’il ne ferait que protéger les jeunes… mais aujourd’hui c’est le seul commandant de la Place » explique Yahya, en colère.

Yahya a déclaré au Yemen Times qu’Ali Mohsen recrute des civils dans son armée, les appelant « les supporteurs de la révolution », et que l’armée loyale à Saleh fait la même chose avec « les supporteurs légitimes ».

Malgré sa colère quand il évoque les avantages pour le régime de la démission d’Ali Mohsen, Yahya est une personne drôle, toujours en train de raconter des blagues et de sourire, quel que soit le traitement qu’il reçoive. En effet, il est également connu pour un tour qu’il a joué à Yemen TV. La vidéo a ensuite été partagée par de nombreux groupes révolutionnaires sur Facebook. Yahya a appelé Yemen TV pour participer à un programme contre la révolution. Alors que l’émission ne reçoit que des appels des supporteurs de Saleh, Yahya a fait semblant en insultant la révolution. Dès qu’il fut à l’antenne, il a dénoncé les Gardes Républicains qui tirent sur les manifestants.

L’animateur a été pris de court et l’appel a été coupé, mais pas avant qu’il ait eu la chance de parler franchement.

Shatha AL-Harazi,

Written by shatha

October 17, 2011 at 9:16 am

Posted in Yemen's news

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