January 11: US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton holds three meetings with the government and opposition in Sana’a during a short unplanned visit to Yemen that lasts only a few hours.
January 14: Turkish President Abullah Gul visits Yemen on a one-and-half day visit.
January 18: Yemeni journalist Abdulelah Shaey is sentenced to five years in prison after being accused of being the “media man” for Al-Qaeda. He had been in jail since his arrest in August 2010.
January 22: Female journalist and activist Tawakul Karman is arrested, and a group of 30 journalists and human rights activists go to the General Prosecutor to appeal for her release. They are arrested too.
February 3: A “Day of Anger” is staged and thousands of Yemeni opposition supporters take to the streets of Sana’a, Aden and Taiz.
February 10: Thousands of Southern Movement supporters march in several parts of the south in protest at a military siege imposed by the government.
February 12: Thousands in Sana’a celebrate Mubarak’s downfall, call for Saleh’s ouster.
February 15: A telecommunications bill allowing for wiretaps on telephones is rejected by MPs.
February 18: Four are killed and another 11 injured when the authorities attempt to disperse thousands of protesters in Aden.
February 18: At least three are killed and another 87 injured when a grenade is thrown at tens of thousands of protesters in Taiz’s Freedom Square.
February 21: The death toll in Aden increases to nine after a week of violent confrontations between security forces and protestors. A local authority building is set on fire along with security patrol cars and citizens’ vehicles in the Mansoura and Sheikh Othman districts of Aden.
February 21: A new initiative called “Tribes for Change” joins the anti-government protests in the capital. The Joint Meeting Parties (JMP), an opposition coalition, and Houthi followers in the north declare their support for the young protesters demanding Saleh’s ouster.
February 23: Ten MPs resign from ruling General People’s Congress in protest at the government’s crackdown on protesters. Two protesters killed and 23 injured in Sana’a.
February 27: Eight are killed, 36 injured in Aden’s protests, raising the death toll since 2 February to 26.
March 4: Two are killed and six injured when the army attacks an anti-government protest in teh war-torn district of Harf Sufyan, Amran Governorate.
March 6: After days of delay, President Ali Abdulah Saleh officially rejects a proposal to step down in 2011 and reiterates that he will remain in power until his term ends in 2013.
March 8: Some 70 to 80 students are injured and one killed after government troops fire at protesters in front of Sana’a University. Doctors say that troops are using nerve gas against protesters.
March 14: Four foreign journalists are deported from Yemen. The ministry of information’s spokesman said they have been deported due to their “illegal” stay in Yemen and “violation” of visa regulations.
March 18: More than 60 people are killed on Friday by gunmen firing from the roofs of nearby houses. Most of the victims were shot directly in the head or the chest. Doctors say at least 617 are injured, and 347 suffered from inhaling tear gas.
March 20: More members of the ruling General People’s Congress (GPC) have resigned.
March 21: Senior military leaders, mainly Ali Mohsen Saleh Al-Ahmar, a key general and leader of the First Armored Division, announce their solidarity with the protesters and the “peaceful revolution.”
March 23: Yemen’s parliament endorses emergency law after President Saleh.
March 27: Talks between President Saleh and the JMP, the coalition of the opposition parties, failed to produce an agreement.
March 30: Armed groups in the jihadi-laden governorate of Abyan in south Yemen have taken over the local radio station, the presidential palace, and an ammunition factory, while the violent clashes between the army and armed rebels continue in the area.
|Tens of thousands of anti-government protesters rallied across Yemen on Day of Anger to decry the deaths of demonstrators in Sana’a. YT Photo by Sadeq Al-Wesabi
April 1: The US and Britain urge their citizens to leave Yemen due to the deterioration of security in the country.
April 2: The JMP, the traditional political opposition, propose their solution to end the political crisis. The opposition’s suggestion includes that Saleh announce his resignation and transfer his authority to the vice president.
April 3: Amid civil disobedience in Taiz and Aden, two persons are killed in Taiz as security forces use tear gas against protesters. Up to 1,700 protesters were affected by the gas.
April 6: The Qatari foreign minister, Hamad Bin Jasem Al Thani announces that Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries have sent a copy of their initiative to resolve the Yemeni crisis to the Yemeni president and the opposition. This is the first version of the initiative and includes that Saleh should step down and transfer powers to the vice president.
April 8: In his Friday speech, Saleh calls on non-Arab and Arab countries to respect the feelings of millions of Yemenis, and refuses the “coup against his rule” refering to the Gulf initiative.
April 9: Yemen’s foreign ministry calls home its ambassador in Qatar.
April 10: GCC ministers of foreign affairs meet in Riyadh to discuss mediation to solve the Yemeni crisis, during which they approve Saleh’s ouster in exchange for immunity from prosecution for himself, his relatives, and his regime.
April 14: The opposition gives two weeks for Saleh to step down and refuses a Saudi invitation to talks in Riyadh with Saleh.
April 23: The GPC announces Saleh’s acceptance of the GCC power transfer deal. The opposition also accepts, but refuses to join a “National Unity” government.
May 21: Saleh warns that if he leaves office, Al-Qaeda will take control of Yemen.
May 22: Saleh refuses to sign the GCC initiative, although he has promised to do so on this anniversary of Yemen’s 1994 unification.
May 23: In Hasaba, in the north of Sana’a, fresh violence erupts between tribal opposition leader Sadeq Al-Ahmar and security forces in Al-Hasaba.
May 29: Security forces storm the protest camp in Taiz and burn disabled protesters alive in tents, killing an unknown number of protesters and injuring others. Local tribesmen react violently and vow to protect anti-regime protesters.
May 29: Al-Qaeda takes control of Zinjibar, the capital of Abyan in south Yemen after security forces abandon their offices, leaving advanced military weapons behind.
June 3: An assassination attempt targets Saleh in the presidential palace, killing over 12 and injuring over 80 others.
June 7: Armed Islamists affiliated to Al-Qaeda also take control of Azzan in Shabwa, east Yemen.
June 8: A US FBI forensics team arrived in Yemen to investigate the attack on the compound of President Ali Abdullah Saleh that seriously injured the president.
June 21: At least 65 prisoner’s some of whom are Al-Qaeda members escaped from Al-Mukalla Central Prison.
June 29: Many protestors, especially tribal ones and independent youth left Change Square or created their own expansion of the square fleeing Islah Party’s control.
|Three pro-democracy demonstrators that were killed on Friday March 18 violence. All three were killed by highly accurate shots to the head by snipers. Photo by Yousif Ajlan
July 2: Clashes in Taiz between the Republican Guards and tribesmen broke out, leaving five soldiers dead.
July 7: President Saleh, with signs of severe burns on his face, appears on television for the first time since the assassination attempt on June 3. Live ammunition shot in the air by Saleh’s supporters kill at least 16. At least 10 soldiers are killed in an attack of an army base in Zinjibar, south Yemen.
July 23: A car bomb kills nine soldiers in Aden.
July 30: About 90 people are killed in clashes between government security and armed men in the Abyan governorate.
July 31: Clashes break out between the Republican Guard and armed men in Arhab, 30km northeastern of Sana’a, as the latter attempt to take control of some strategic military camps in the area.
August 1: Five people are killed and 11 injured in clashes between the Republican Guard and opposition armed men in Taiz governorate.
August 6: President Saleh leaves the military hospital in Riyadh.
August 10: Opposition parties declare that they will form a national council within a week, and the deputy minister of information describes this step as tantamount to declaring war.
August 17: Opposition parties elect the 143 members of the National Council for the Peaceful Revolution.
August 21: Militants in Abyan attack tribesmen.
September 20: Violence breaks out in Taiz again. Four protesters are killed and 35 injured.
September 23: President Saleh returns to Yemen.
September 25: President Saleh calls for presidential, parliamentary, and local elections. AUN Security Council calls for end to Yemen’s violence.
September 30: The US born of Yemeni origin Anwar Al-Awlaqi, Al-Qaeda’s prominent leader was killed in Yemen by a US drone strike.
October 7: Political activist Tawakul Karman jointly wins the Nobel Peace Prize with Liberian women Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Leymah Gbowee .
October 14: The 16-year-old son of Anwar Al-Awlaki, a prominent Yemeni-American figure in Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, is killed in a American drone in the Shabwa governorate.
October 27: Stray shells kill three in the old city of Sana’a, an act condemned not only because of the killings but also because of the historical value of the old buildings in a UNESCO World Heritage site.
November 13: Fifteen civilians killed in Taiz and over 100 were injured in random attack and shelling by the Republican Guards.
November 19: 400 troops of the Republican Guards and Special Forces abandon Saleh.
November 23: President Ali Abdulla Saleh signs the GCC initiative agreeing to hand over power after ruling Yemen for 33 years.
December 7: The National Unity Government was announced.
December 20: At least 2,000 protesters arrive in Sana’a, after marching 260 km from Taiz to Sana’a in four-day “Life March” to protest Saleh and his followers immunity from prosecution as set out by the GCC deal. Security forces fire live ammunition and tear gas at protesters, killing 13 and injuring others.
December 28: The shoes of a slain “Life March” protester are sold for USD 15,000 in an auction. He was wearing them when when he died after marching 250 kilometers to the capital. The shoes hold the Guinness record for the most expensive pair of used shoes.